[Via: NewsScan] The 9th century Arabian mathematician and astronomer Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi (~780-847) wrote treatises such as “Al-jabr wa’l muqabala” (The Science of Transposition and Cancellation), which deals with the solution of equations. The Arabic word for transposition, al-jabar, became “algebra” in the Latin transliteration of the book’s title. The English word “algorithm” derives from the Latin form of al-Khwarizmi’s name. Drawing on Hindu as well as Greek sources, al-Khwarizmi adopted the Hindu numerals, including the zero. These numerals (miscalled “Arabic numerals”) were introduced to Europe by Fibonacci, greatly facilitating mathematical manipulations. While some critics quibble about the originality of al-Khwarizmi’s work, it is generally acknowledged that he stands in the foremost rank of mathematicians of all time.
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